Does a company or limited partnership have to
have its own website? Does it have to operate the site itself? What information
must be posted there? Practical pointers under the amended Commercial Companies
An amendment to the Commercial Companies Code entered into force at the start of 2020, imposing on joint-stock companies and joint-stock limited partnerships an obligation to operate a website and to post certain information there for stockholders (as we previously reported here).
the new regulation applies to all joint-stock companies, in practice it changes
little for public companies, which were already subject to much more extensive
requirements, and thus we do not discuss public companies further in this
The new regulation should be examined more closely, as it has generated (probably unintentionally) certain doubts as to what the new obligation entails.
Continue reading “Websites of private joint-stock company or joint-stock limited partnership”
One of the many uses of hash functions is the identification and verification of computer files.
Everyone has experienced having to frantically search for an important document that was saved “somewhere in the computer” but is needed immediately. In such situations, we usually resort to the search function built into the operating system; but in the end, we just have to browse through the files, one at a time, until we find (or not) the right one. But what if we need to find a file among hundreds of thousands of others?
Continue reading “The hash – a computer file’s digital fingerprint”
According to an Advocate General at the Court of Justice, a provider of free WiFi is not responsible for the actions of its users.
Continue reading “No liability for free public WiFi?”
The Supreme Court of Poland ruled on 17 February 2016 that an entity conducting direct marketing using automated generating systems (in that case SMS ads) is liable for failure to obtain consent from recipients also when it has contracted out the marketing to an external firm.
Continue reading “Outsourcing no escape from liability for telemarketing without consent”
Lawyers from Wardyński & Partners participated in the conference “Combat Drone Systems in the Eyes of Society” organised by a coalition of NGOs as part of the campaign “5 Tonnes over Earth.”
Continue reading “Wardyński & Partners involved in conference on combat drone systems”
Protection of possession of real estate against drones as a form of necessary defence is permissible only under exceptional circumstances.
Continue reading “Is it OK to shoot down a drone?”